Publications & Reports

//Publications & Reports
Publications & Reports 2018-12-05T14:10:30+00:00

Children in Care

DfE, 2014. Children in care. National Audit Office

Link to report

This report is the first in a series on children’s services. It does not examine the value of the whole care system, but focuses on the role and responsibilities of the Department and how well it is meeting its objectives. It examines:

  • the Department’s responsibilities for children in care; the demand for care; and how effectively children’s needs are being addressed through commissioning (Part One);
  • how well the Department is meeting its objectives to improve the quality of care for these children (Part Two); and
  • the Department’s understanding of the costs of care and its work to improve the system’s cost-effectiveness (Part Three).

Key findings

  • Demand for care is increasing and varies significantly across England.
  • Unless their needs are correctly assessed and met effectively, there are significant long-term costs of children not getting the right care.
  • The Department sets out what local authorities must do but not how they should do it.
  • Local authorities often base decisions on children’s placements on short-term affordability rather than on plans to best meet the child’s needs.
  • The Department’s objective is to improve the quality of care but it has no indicators that accurately measure the efficacy of the care system.
  • There has been no improvement in getting children into the right placement first time and close to home

Care Leavers transition to adulthood

DfE, 2015. Care leavers’ transition to adulthood. National Audit Office

link to report

This report is the second in a series on children’s services. It follows the report on children in care and focuses on support for young people leaving care. The report examines:

  • the challenges facing care leavers (Part One);
  • support for care leavers (Part Two); and
  • improving support for care leavers (Part Three).

The poor life experiences of too many care leavers are a longstanding problem. Without well-targeted support their deep needs will not be met, with costly consequences both for the young people and for society. While there is a clear legal framework and an inspection regime in place, the system is not working effectively to deliver good outcomes for all care leavers. On the key measure of numbers in employment, education and training the situation has deteriorated since 2007-08.

Central government has, since 2013, renewed its interest in improving the life chances for care leavers through the Care Leaver Strategy and Staying Put. Ofsted’s recent work now gives a clear picture of failings in local support and areas that should be addressed. Although it is too early to say how effective these initiatives could be, they both have implementation challenges and are not data-led with clear objectives. Stronger central and local leadership and co-ordination is urgently required to improve the life chances of future care leavers.

Department

For

Education

The designated teacher for looked-after and previously looked-after children 

The_designated_teacher_for_looked-after_and_previously_looked-after_children

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Department

For

Education

Promoting the education of looked-after children and previously looked-after children

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Promoting_the_education_of_looked-after_children_and_previously_looked-after_children

Department

For

Education

Promoting the health and well-being of looked-after children

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Promoting_the_health_and_well-being_of_looked-after_children

Characteristics of children in need: 2016 to 2017 England

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Children looked after in England (including adoption), year ending 31 March 2017

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Outcomes for children looked after by local authorities in England, 31 March 2017

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NSPCC.

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Statistics on child abuse.  How many children are abused or neglected in the UK.

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How safe are our children?

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Child protection in England – key statistics

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The economic cost of child maltreatment in the UK.

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The costs and consequences of child maltreatment.

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Child abuse and neglect in the UK today

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Child killings in England and Wales

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Links to Case Studies

       Case Studies drawn from Go Higher West Yorkshire

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 Suffolk County Council. Learn the Child Case Studies

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Useful links and references

  1. Bentley et al., 2018. How safe are our children?  The most comprehensive overview of child protection in the UK.  London: NSPCC.
  2. Conti, G, Morris, S., Melnychuk, M., & Pizzo, E.  (2017) the economic cost of child maltreatment in the UK: a preliminary study. London: NSPCC
  3. DfE, Data Pack, improving permanence for looked after children, September 2013
  4. Department of Children and Families, July 2016. Keep on caring. Supporting Young People from Care to Independence. www.gov.uk/government/publications
  5. DfE, SFR 12/2017, 23 March 2017 Outcomes for children looked after by local authorities in England, 31 March 2016
  6. DfE, SR71/2017, 14 December 2017.  Expenditure by Local Authorities and Schools on Education, Children and Young People’s Services in England, 2016-17
  7. Gill, A., & Daw, E., 2017. From care to where? Care leavers’ access to accommodation. Centrepoint Policy Report.
  8. Harrison, N. (2017) MOVING ON UP: Pathways of care leavers and care-experienced students into and through higher education. University of West of England, Bristol
  9. Kelly, E., Lees T., Sibieta, L. & Waters, T. 2018 Public Spending on Children in England: 2000 to 2020.  Institute for Fiscal Studies. Children’s Commissioner June 2018.
  10. NICE, Looked-after Children, public health guideline 19thOctober 2010
  11. NSPCC, 2018, child protection plan and register statistics: UK 2013-2017
  12. NSPCC 2018 https://www.nspcc.org.uk/preventing-abuse/child-protection-system/children-in-care/statistics/  cited June 2018
  13. NSPCC 2018 https://www.nspcc.org.uk/preventing-abuse/child-protection-system/children-in-care/statistics/  cited June 2018
  14. Saied-Tessier, A. 2014.  Estimating the costs of child sexual abuse in the UK. NSPCC
  15. UNICEF Office of research, Child well-being in rich countries. A comparative overview. Innocenti Report Crad 11
  16. UNICEF Office of research, Child well-being in rich countries. A comparative overview. Innocenti Report Card 11;
  17. http://www.imf.org/en/Countries/GBR
  18. Williams, K., Papadopoulou, V. & Booth, N. 2012. Prisoners’ childhood and family backgrounds. Results from the Surveying Prisoner Crime Reduction (SPCR) longitudinal cohort study of prisoners.  Ministry of Justice Research Series 4/12 March 2012